Information & Communications Technology 

(Age 5-16)

ICT, or information and communications technology (or technologies), is the infrastructure and components that enable modern computing.

Although there is no single, universal definition of ICT, the term is generally accepted to mean all devices, networking components, applications and systems that combined allow people and organizations (i.e., businesses, nonprofit agencies, governments and criminal enterprises) to interact in the digital world.

Components of an ICT system
ICT encompasses both the internet-enabled sphere as well as the mobile one powered by wireless networks. It also includes antiquated technologies, such as landline telephones, radio and television broadcast -- all of which are still widely used today alongside cutting-edge ICT pieces such as artificial intelligence and robotics.

ICT is sometimes used synonymously with IT (for information technology); however, ICT is generally used to represent a broader, more comprehensive list of all components related to computer and digital technologies than IT.

The list of ICT components is exhaustive, and it continues to grow. Some components, such as computers and telephones, have existed for decades. Others, such as smartphones, digital TVs and robots, are more recent entries.

ICT commonly means more than its list of components, though. It also encompasses the application of all those various components. It's here that the real potential, power and danger of ICT can be found.


Information & Communications Technology for IGCSE (Age 14-16)

Information and Communication Technology is an applied subject and all candidates will require frequent access to computer and Internet facilities to develop their skills.

The Information Communication Technology syllabus combines theoretical and practical studies focusing on the ability to use common software applications, including word processors, spreadsheets, databases, interactive presentation software, e-mail, web browsers and website design. It encourages learners to develop lifelong skills, including

  • understanding and using applications

  • using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to solve problems

  • analysing, designing, implementing, testing and evaluating ICT systems, ensuring that they are fit for purpose

  • understanding the implications of technology in society, including social, economic and ethical uses awareness of the ways ICT can help in the home, learning and work environments.

Scheme of Assessment

All candidates will be entered for Paper 1, 2 and 3.

Paper 1 (2 hours)

A written paper of 100 marks which contain mainly questions requiring a short response, a word, a phrase or one or two sentences, although there will be some questions requiring a more extended response. There will be no choice of questions.


Paper 2 and 3 (2 hours 30 minutes each)

The practical tests focus on the candidate’s ability to carry out practical tasks rather than to explain the theory of how the tasks are completed. Candidates are assessed on their ability to complete these tasks.

All 3 papers will take place at Genius Development Computer Learning Center, by means of a CAIE-set assessments, under controlled examination conditions. The documentation and printouts produced in the assessment will be externally marked by CAIE.

Weighting of Papers





Examinations Schedule

Examinations are held in June and November each year with results issued in August and February respectively.


Curriculum Content

The curriculum content is set out in sixteen interrelated sections. These sections should be read as an integrated whole and not as a progression. The sections are as follows:

  1. Types and components of computer systems

  2. Input and output devices

  3. Storage devices and media

  4. Networks & the effect of using them

  5. The effects of using ICT

  6. ICT applications

  7. The systems life cycle

  8. Safety and security

  9. Audience

  10. Communication

  11. File management

  12. Images

  13. Layout

  14. Styles

  15. Proofing

  16. Graphs and charts

  17. Document production

  18. Data manipulation

  19. Presentations

  20. Data analysis

  21. Website authoring